Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in the United States, and early detection is key to successful treatment. Fortunately, there are a variety of tests available to detect breast cancer, including biopsies, mammograms, diagnostic mammograms, MRI scans, thermography, and physical exams. In this article, we'll discuss the different types of tests available and how they can help detect breast cancer.A
biopsyis the only way to definitively diagnose breast cancer. During a biopsy, a small sample of tissue is taken from the suspicious area and examined under a microscope.
This procedure can be done when mammograms or other imaging tests show a change in the breasts that may be cancerous. Diagnostic mammograms are used to focus on specific areas of concern that have been identified by you or your doctor. These may include suspicious lumps, breast pain, nipple discharge, changes in size or shape of the breasts, or changes in the skin of the breast. MRI scans are also used to detect breast cancer.
During an MRI scan, a contrast agent may be injected into a vein to make it easier to see breast tissues on MRI images. MRI scans can be used together with other breast imaging tests to detect breast cancer or other abnormal changes in the breast.Thermography is another option for detecting breast cancer. This procedure uses a special camera that detects heat to record the temperature of the skin that covers the breasts. Randomized clinical trials have not been conducted to determine how well thermography detects breast cancer or damage from the procedure.Finally, physical exams are also important for detecting breast cancer.
During a physical exam, your doctor will carefully feel your breasts and armpits for lumps or anything else that seems unusual. It's important to follow recommended screening guidelines for early detection of certain types of cancer. Additionally, if you're diagnosed with breast cancer, it's important to know what type it is and how advanced it is. If you have an abnormal biopsy result, getting a second opinion from another pathologist can confirm a correct diagnosis of breast cancer.Digital Breast Tomosynthesis (DBT) is an advanced form of mammography that can help detect breast cancer more accurately than traditional mammography.
One study found that DBT reduced false-positive test results and that it is likely to reduce deaths from breast cancer.In conclusion, there are several ways to detect breast cancer early and accurately. These include biopsies, mammograms, diagnostic mammograms, MRI scans, thermography, physical exams, and Digital Breast Tomosynthesis (DBT). Following recommended screening guidelines and getting second opinions on abnormal biopsy results can also help ensure an accurate diagnosis.